Launched in 2006, Internet Archive’s Open Library allows users to borrow ebooks scanned from physical copies, according to a theory called “controlled digital lending” (or CDL) that limits how many times a single scan can be borrowed at once.
The project expanded in March with the launch of the National Emergency Library, which suspended waitlists in response to the global pandemic, making all scanned books immediately accessible to anyone with an account.
Reached for comment, Internet Archive founder Brewster Kahle called the lawsuit “disappointing.”
“As a library, the Internet Archive acquires books and lends them, as libraries have always done,” Kahle told The Verge. “This supports publishing and authors and readers. Publishers suing libraries for lending books — in this case, protected digitized versions, and while schools and libraries are closed — is not in anyone’s interest.”
“We hope this can be resolved quickly,” he continued.
Update: After reading the full notice on Fedora download page, Mr. Stallman says that Fedora didn’t require users to promise anything therefor it’s not a violation of software libre terms.
If you study it carefully, it does not require the downloader to promise not to do certain things. Rather, it requires the downloader to affirm awareness of these US rules, which may or may not apply.
Because of this, it does not contradict the GPL.
However, as our discussion shows, it is easy for people to misundestand and get the wrong idea about what it actually requires. They mey THINK it requires something that would violate the GPL even though it actually does not.
He stated that the notice on Fedora download page makes it nonfree and the limitations are not compatible with GPL license.
Here’s Mr. Stallman’s email message:
[[[ To any NSA and FBI agents reading my email: please consider ]]] [[[ whether defending the US Constitution against all enemies, ]]] [[[ foreign or domestic, requires you to follow Snowden’s example. ]]]
> I believe parts of this notice are violations of software freedom. The notice says that Fedora complies with “Unites States Export Administration Regulations (the =E2=80=9CEAR=E2=80=9D) and it’s prohibited for use in connection with the design, development or production of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, or rocket systems, space launch vehicles, or sounding rockets, or unmanned air vehicle systems.”
As stated, that would make Fedora nonfree. However, Fedora cannot impose such requirements on GPL-covered programs unless Fedora has the copyright.
The GNU Project encryption programs were developed outside the US and I think users get them without passing through the FS.
> The other part says “You may not provide Fedora software or technical information to individuals or entities located in one of these countries or otherwise subject to these restrictions.”
Isn’t it a violation of freedom 2 (The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others)?
Yes, it would be — but I don’t think anyone can enforce it on you if you are outside the US and you download Fedora. That is why I did not make a fuss about it.
> So does that mean that I, a typical user of software libre, am restricted from using and distributing a software that is licensed free? Do you and free software movement accept this discrimination?
The reason for section 8 is to prevent patents from being used to make a program effectively nonfree.
If in country C some company Q threatens to make the program priorietary by suing the users using Q’s patent, that would in effect make the program proprietary.
Using section 8, the developer can say, “You can’t make my program proprietary. With section 8 I make it not available at all in country C. Give my program liberty or give it death!.”
In other words, “I’d rather destroy my program than let you turn it into your proprietary product.”
The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is a United Nations observance each 4 June. It was established on 19 August 1982.
Originally focused on victims of the 1982 Lebanon War, its purpose expanded to “acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. This day affirms the UN’s commitment to protect the rights of children.”
The General Assembly, having considered the question of Palestine at its resumed seventh emergency special session, “appalled at the great number of innocent Palestinian and Lebanese children victims of Israel’s acts of aggression” decided to commemorate 4 June of each year as the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression. 31st plenary meeting 19 August 1982.
If you see child abuse or aggression against any child, please call your local child support center, police station, or social worker. Also, there’s a helpful article on Medical News Today.
The extreme righteous of our nation have used time much more effectively than the forces of good will. And it may well be that we will have to repent in this generation, not merely for the vitriolic words and the violent actions of the bad people who would bomb a church in Birmingham, Alabama but for the appalling silence and indifference of the good people who sit around and say wait on time. Somewhere we must come to see that human progress never rolls in on the wheels of inevitability. It comes through the tireless efforts and the persistent work of dedicated individuals who are willing to be co-workers with God. And without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the primitive forces of social stagnation. And so it is necessary to help time and to realize that the time is always right to do right.
I should somehow apologies for one of my previous notes, “It’s Human Rights“. I still believe in what I said but my point was not completely correct.
When we say black lives matter, it doesn’t mean that other lives doesn’t matter. It simply means there’s more discrimination and injustice towards black human beings.
Imagine a group of people sitting on a table to eat. Everybody gets a plate of food except Tom. Tom says “I’m hungry too. I deserve food too” and someone responds “We all are hungry. We all deserve food.” It’s correct but it doesn’t change the fact that Tom doesn’t have food.
We’re all sitting on a table with our plates full of food and we shout that we all deserve food but shouting it doesn’t change the fact that Tom is still hungry.
Do all lives matter? Yes but saying it doesn’t change the fact that black lives haven’t mattered for years.
A while ago I wrote a blog post about moving from Fedora. After a lot of discussions with my friends, I finally decided to send an email message to Mr. Stallman about Fedora’s notice. I’m now waiting for Mr. Stallman’s response. Here’s my email message:
Dear Dr. Stallman, Howdy.
Mr. Stallman, I’m a software libre activist for more than 7 years now and I’ve using software libre since I found out about the concept of software freedom. There’s not a single proprietary software in my computers. I even didn’t have a smart phone till a year ago. My phone currently runs LineageOS.
I believe parts of this notice are violations of software freedom. The notice says that Fedora complies with “Unites States Export Administration Regulations (the “EAR”) and it’s prohibited for use in connection with the design, development or production of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, or rocket systems, space launch vehicles, or sounding rockets, or unmanned air vehicle systems.”
Isn’t it violation of freedom 0 (The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose)?
The other part says “You may not provide Fedora software or technical information to individuals or entities located in one of these countries or otherwise subject to these restrictions.”
Isn’t it a violation of freedom 2 (The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others)?
The four freedoms doesn’t mention any country or specific software so I believe the terms of software freedom are applicable to all software no matter what country they’re based in.
A friend of mine told me that section 8 of GNU General Public License version 2 accept this discrimination.
“8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License. “
So does that mean that I, a typical user of software libre, am restricted from using and distributing a software that is licensed free? Do you and free software movement accept this discrimination?
All my life, I fought for freedom. I’m an Iranian and I live in a country that basic human rights are violated and I fought for freedom and my people’s rights in the streets with my bare hands. If free software movement, FSF, and you sir, accept this discrimination, I no longer will fight for software libre as it’s just a lie to me.
I know that companies and maybe projects based in U.S. should comply with USA’s laws but it’s not a good reason for discrimination like this. If software libre can be restricted for some people or it can only be used by a group of people a country or a company chooses, then I believe free software movement is not what it says it is.
I remember you once said that free (as in freedom) software leads us to a free society. If this freedom is only for some people, then it’s just a lie, isn’t it?
Can you please explain to me and my friends how free software movement reacts to this?
Fascist people like the bully are now trying to censor the voice of ANTIFA. Only fascist people can be feel endangered by a anti-fascist movement.
Being silent about the bully’s effort to make ANTIFA a terrorist organization is not acceptable at all. It’s one of steps of the corrupt system of the USA to violate human rights and censor free speech.
The bully is trying to make himself a new dictator. His acts and speeches are obvious violations of human rights.
Mezopotamya has reported that a young man who was listening to Kurdish music in Ankara was stabbed to death by three people.
Barış Çakan (20) was stabbed to death in the Etimesgut district of Ankara for listening to Kurdish music. According to the information obtained from his family, Çakan was attacked by three people while listenin to Kurdish music when he got out to get some fresh air in the park.
It was learned that the people attacked Çakar was registered to Yozgat, Kırıkkale and Tokat, but no information on their identity was disclosed. Çakan who was stabbed in his heart lost his life on scene. The three suspects were detained after the incident. Çakan who was taken to Private Etimad Hospital will be buried today, his cousin Doğan Çakan, who also added that he too was attacked before for listening to Kurdish music.
Hate crime against Kurds is not something new in Turkey. Not long ago, being a Kurd was a crime in Turkey and some of its neighbor countries. There’s still a lot of discrimination against Kurds in Turkey.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and other politicians should act immediately to stop this discrimination and racist acts. Human rights activists in Turkey should not remain silent. Violating human rights is vicious and deserves punishment.
Following the murder of George Floyd, On May 25, people have came to the streets to shout their rights and say no to racism and discrimination. George Floyd was an American black citizen who was murdered by Derek Chauvin, a blue pig.
Derek Chauvin kept his knee on the right side of Floyd’s neck for 8 minutes and 46 seconds; according to the criminal complaint against Chauvin, 2 minutes and 53 seconds of that time occurred after Floyd became unresponsive.
People are still protesting and shouting against discrimination and injustice. I believe they have every right to burn public buildings. After all, these buildings are the places that the corrupt system has practiced this injustice and discrimination for years.
Howevr Derek Chauvin was fired and charged with a third-degree murder, which is not enough at all, three other blue pigs are still free. These blue pigs should be arrested immediately because of the murder of a human being.