On 4 December 2000, the United Nations General Assembly in Resolution 55/76 decided that, from 2000, 20 June would be celebrated as World Refugee Day. In this resolution, the General Assembly noted that 2001 marked the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. It is commemorated to honor all refugees, raise awareness and solicit support.

African Refugee Day had been formally celebrated in several countries prior to 2000. The UN noted that the Organization of African Unity (OAU) had agreed to have International Refugee Day coincide with Africa Refugee Day on 20 June.

Each year on June 20 the United Nations, United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and countless civic groups around the world host World Refugee Day events in order to draw the public’s attention to the millions of refugees and Internally displaced persons worldwide who have been forced to flee their homes due to war, conflict and persecution.

The annual commemoration is marked by a variety of events in more than 100 countries, involving government officials, humanitarian aid workers, celebrities, civilians and the forcibly displaced themselves.

Many countries, specially European countries and Australia, are facing refugees crisis and instead of helping people, they have decided to get involved in killing them. The close borders and there’s a lot of reports that these countries have left alone many refugees or keep them homeless to die.

Just in April 2000, five boats carrying approximately 2000 migrants to Europe sank in the Mediterranean Sea, with the combined death toll estimated at more than 1200 people.

What threatens us today is fear.

Not the atom bomb, nor even fear of it, because if the atom bomb fell on Oxford tonight, all it could do would be to kill us, which is nothing, since in doing that, it would have robbed itself of its only power over us — which is fear of it, the being afraid of it.

Our danger is not that. Our danger is in the forces of the world today which are trying to use man’s fear to rob him of his individuality, his soul, trying to reduce him to an unthinking mass by fear and bribery — giving him free food which he has not earned, easy and valueless money which he has not worked for.

That is what we must resist, if we are to change the world for man’s peace and security.

It is not men in the mass who can and will save Man; it is Man himself, created in the image of God so that he shall have the power and the will to choose right from wrong, and so be able to save himself because he is worth saving.

Man, the individual men and women, who will refuse always to be tricked or frightened or bribed into surrendering, not just the right but the duty too, to choose between justice and injustice, courage and cowardice, sacrifice and greed, pity and self — who will believe always not only in the right of man to be free of injustice and rapacity and deception, but the duty and responsibility of man to see that justice and truth and pity and compassion are done.

So never be afraid.

Never be afraid to raise your voice for honesty and truth and compassion, against injustice and lying and greed.

If you, not just you in this room tonight but in all the thousands of other rooms like this one about the world today and tomorrow and next week, will do this, not as a class or classes, but as but individuals, men and women, you will change the earth.

In one generation, all the Napoleons and Hitlers and Caesars and Mussolinis and Stalins, and all the other tyrants who want power and aggrandizement, and all the simple politicians and time-servers who themselves are merely baffled or ignorant or afraid, who have used, or are using, or hope to use, man’s fear and greed for man’s enslavement, will have vanished from the face of it.

Equality and Justice

As you see in the picture, in the left side you can see that boxes were distributed equally but that’s not justice. However, in the right side you see boxes are distributed unequally but we see justice.

Some people may think that equality and justice are against each other. That’s wrong. In the right side of the picture you see justice but they’re equals too. They have equal right to watch the game.

Equality and justice are not against each other. They are tools for each other. We need justice to make people equals and we should treat people equal to have justice.

We shouldn’t sacrifice justice for equality, vice versa.

Recently, GitHub decided to abandon ‘master’ and ‘slave’ terms to replace them with alternatives, to avoid slavery references. That’s a really good move and practice but there are still some serious questions remaining.

You may know that GitHub is owned by Microsoft and follows Microsoft specified terms. This has discriminated against a number of people around the world. Many people in Iran, Syria, Crimea, Cuba, Venezuela, etc. are not able to create private repositories or use some basic GitHub functions.

Countries I listed are basically countries that are not following U.S. rules and are under United States sanctions. While GitHub is trying to show that its against racism, many people are restricted to use GitHub service because of their nationality.

Limiting users based on their birthplace, ethnicity, or nationality is racism. If GitHub is doing this because it’s law, GitHub is still racist as it’s following a racist law.

Once upon a time, slave owners/traders were doing something completely legal but does that make slavery OK? Of course not. Not fighting against racism is helping racism. This is not a fight where you can choose to be neutral. This is a fight that you should choose to be with people or against them.

It’s needless to mention that at first, many users were restricted from using GitHub at all and many accounts got banned. If it wasn’t for users’ protests, many users were still unable to even sign-up.

I believe what GitHub is doing, about renaming the master and slave terms, is really good but there are still many questions to be asked from Microsoft (as an example) about equality, equity, and justice.

  • Are black (and other colors) employees treated the same way white employees are treated?
  • Are black employees get punished or awarded the same as white employees?
  • Does skin color have any impact on managers and their behavior?
  • Do white employees respect white managers more than black managers?
  • Does skin color have any impact on who gets employed, promoted, or fired?
  • Do women get paid same as men in same job?
  • Does sexuality have any impact on employees or managers behavior?
  • How does a racist person get treated for racism?
  • Are there any differences in work situations for men and women?
  • Are there any differences in work situations for black people and white people?
  • Are sexuality, nationality, race, skin color, etc. have an impact on the way of treating others?
  • Do you think justice/equality/equity means discrimination for all?

These are the questions we should ask in order to have justice. These are the questions that should be answered to fight racism.

I don’t believe Microsoft cares for these matters as we can see the situations. I don’t believe what GitHub did is more than a show. If you do care about racism and justice, do something, RENAMING DEFAULT BRANCH IS NOT ENOUGH!

An Iranian woman was beheaded by her husband on June 14. Locals report that a relative of Fatemeh, the poor woman, says Fatemeh’s sister was married to the brother of her husband and she was repeatedly beaten by her husband. Her sister even lost her child because of these beatings.

Fatemeh was forced to this marriage because she knew her husband is just like his brother. This relative of Fatemeh says Fatemeh was beaten by her husband too and after a few months of torture, she ran away to Mashhad, a city far from her hometown and takes shelter in safe house.

A while after, her father finds her and brings her back to the slaughterhouse where he (her father) knew that she’s going to be murdered. The father remembers how his sister (Fatemeh’s aunt) was killed by her husband (aunt’s husband) and this was nothing new to him.

The father tries to kill his daughter (Fatemeh) by feeding her poison but Fatemeh’s mother finds out and rescues her. After this, Fatemeh’s husband beheads Fatemeh next to the river.

Locals say that Fateme’s father won’t complaint against this as he’s a part of this too and her (Fatemeh) mother and sister won’t say anything because they fear their lives too.

A really sad day for human rights. Human rights organizations and authorities can’t do almost anything because of discriminatory laws.

An Egyptian LGBT activist was found dead in her home in Canada where she had been living in exile since 2018. Sara Hegazy, 30, committed suicide on Sunday after leaving behind a note asking her family and friends to forgive her.

“To my siblings – I tried to find redemption and failed, forgive me,” Hegazy’s handwritten letter said. “To my friends – the experience [journey] was harsh and I am too weak to resist it, forgive me.

“To the world – you were cruel to a great extent, but I forgive.”

Hegazy rose to prominence after raising the LGBT rainbow flag at a concert in Egypt in October 2017. The band playing was Mashrou’ Leila, whose lead singer Hamed Sinno is openly gay and known for advocating for queer rights.

Hegazy was among dozens arrested by Egyptian security forces following orders from the public prosecutor to investigate others who raised the rainbow flag at the same concert.

She was charged with “promoting sexual deviancy and debauchery”. Another law student, Ahmed Alaa, was also arrested and charged with “joining a group formed in contrary to the law”.

Hegazy spent three months in prison before she was released on bail. However, she suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by the humiliation and mistreatment she faced during her imprisonment, which resulted in a failed suicide attempt. She eventually sought asylum in Canada.

Activists paid tribute to Hegazy on social media, with some using the hashtag RaiseTheFlagForSarah.

The government of the United States is not the champion of freedom, but rather the perpetrator of exploitation and oppression against the peoples of the world and against a large part of its own population.

Che Guevara

As a person who lives in a country under heavy U.S. sanctions, I know how discrimination feels and looks. What the United States has done to us is a good example of how discrimination affects people. My country is under heavy sanctions from U.S. and even basic stuff are facing troubles for import or export.

Whenever I talk about computers or software services, people suggest me different stuff to use or buy and every time I explain how I, like another people here, are deprived from having those stuff because of U.S sanctions.

U.S has the power over a lot of countries to force them do what it likes but this is unacceptable. I agree that Unites States wants to make sure it and its allies are safe but setting unfair laws and rules is not only unacceptable but also a terrible way and reason.

After Microsoft owned GitHub, a lot of Iranian users were banned from using it because of U.S. trade laws. A lot of people from different countries are still unable to use private repositories or buying GitHub plans.

What might they do? Storing nuclear codes or programs in private repos? This is what I’m talking about. A lot of rules and limitations are only ridiculous. I wrote about the GNU+Linux distro Fedora and the notice on its download page before. What? Iranians may use Fedora to build a nuclear bomb and they won’t download it because if this notice?

Some rules are only stupid and ridicules. They are discriminatory and offensive to human beings. Currently, the software community of Iran is experiencing a lot of difficulties and suffers from these discriminatory laws.

I believe discriminatory laws should not be respected. We should not obey them. We should fight for better.

While the whole world was focusing on how coronavirus affected China, Italy, Iran, United States, etc. Africa was silently being infected with the virus. The Guardian reported that over 200 thousand people are now known to be infected with the virus and more than 5600 people are now dead.

Dr Matshidiso Moeti, the region’s World Health Organisation director, said the virus was spreading from capital cities where it arrived with travellers and that 10 countries were bearing the brunt of Africa’s epidemic, accounting for 75% of confirmed cases and infections. South Africa accounts for a quarter of cases.

“We believe that large numbers of severe cases and deaths are not being missed in Africa,” she said. “One of the biggest challenges in Africa continues be availability of supplies, particularly test kits.”

While people with African ethnicity are being abused and killed by fascist and racist people all around the world, people who live in Africa are now suffering from lack of necessary resources for basic health and medical needs.

A wise man once said that if you don’t read the newspapers you’re uninformed, if you read them, you’re misinformed. That’s very true. Newspapers and in general news agencies are focusing on speed, not the truth.

They’re in a competition with other news agencies to deliver news, no matter true or fake, as fast as possible. What we need, however, is truth. People will prefer truth over speed.

You may be the last one who delivers news to us but as long as you tell the truth and we know we can trust you, we’ll want news from you.

Journalists and news companies have responsibility over this. They’re responsible for misinformation in the society and they’re responsible for every consequence of spreading news because words effect people and people effect each other.

What we need is truth, not speed.